The Genocide Fugitives Tracking Unit (GFTU) is a Specialized Unit within the National Public Prosecution Authority (NPPA), it was established by the Government of Rwanda through a cabinet decision of 14th November 2007. 

The unit was tasked to investigate and pursue cases of fugitives involved in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Rwanda in 1994 against the Tutsi. This genocide committed against Tutsi left over a million dead, while tens of thousands of genocide suspects fled Rwanda and sought refuge in various countries on different continents. 

GFTU has since its inception in 2007 and as of 4th April 2018 issued indictments and international arrest warrants for (911) nine hundred eleven individuals living in 33 countries worldwide. In response, there has been groundbreaking domestic prosecutions, deportations and landmark judgments, as well as numerous rogatory commissions which have visited Rwanda to conduct their own investigations.  

The majority of these genocide fugitives are the educated masterminds of the most heinous crimes as most of the foot soldiers were unable to flee since they had no means to flee or no had no contacts abroad and decided to stay behind and these make a large number of those who were either tried under classical courts or Gacaca courts in Rwanda.More details.